The Persian Wars
- Strengths – Thebes is the de-facto capital of the Beotian river-valley, which makes it the bread basket of Greece. Wealthy. Populous.
- Weaknesses – Undisciplined. Beotians are an independant agrarian people. Submission to Thebes, when it occurs, is perceived as a lesser evil. Theban rulers lack the despotic authority enjoyed by those of other city-states. Despite their wealth and ostensible power,
Thebans are often patronized or conflated with the surrounding Beotian provincials. Thebes is the butt of every joke concerning crude and uncivilised customs.
- Leaders – In the 5th century, under Epaminondas, Thebes led a successful military campaign against Sparta, and ultimately incited a slave revolt.
- Culture – Many greek myths and legends revolve around thebes, including Oedipus, Dionysus, and Heracles.